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On Physicians Who Support, Promote, And Recommend, Only One Type Of Diet

Posted  October 11, 2018  by  Yoni Freedhoff

Oh they’re out there.

Tunnel vision physicians who believe that everyone should be vegan, or be intermittently fasting, or in ketosis, or on an incredibly low-fat diet, or vegetarian, or low carb high fat, – and I’m sure the list goes on.

It’s a head scratcher for me because a physician’s training ought to have them know better.

Why?

Because for virtually every medical problem, multiple therapies and therapeutic modalities exist. And because physicians know that some drugs work better than others with different patients – sometimes predictably, and sometimes unpredictably, and that sometimes people have adverse reactions to certain drugs that require them to try alternatives.

Diets are the same.

Whether for weight management, general health, or the treatment of particular medical conditions, certain patients, sometimes explicably and sometimes not, will do better with different diets, both in terms of the impact that diet has on whatever they’re trying to treat, but also on their ability to enjoy that diet enough to sustain it long term.

And so even if there were a scientifically proven best diet for a particular issue (and for weight, plainly at this point, there isn’t), there’ll still be some people for whom it fails, and some people for whom its adverse effects on their lives leads to its discontinuation, and if they happen to be on that diet because they’re following or seeing one of those MDs who is so stuck on there being only one diet to rule them all, I guess they’re just out of luck.

So what drives those MDs? I think the answer varies. For some it’s likely the extension of their own personal experience and success with a particular dietary approach. For others, it may be the consequence of literal or intellectually sunk costs. And finally some may not have sufficient background to evaluate much on their own and instead simply parrot an eloquently delivered diet zealot’s talking points (perhaps especially in the cases of MDs converted by other MDs). But regardless of why one thing’s for sure, the promotion of one right or best diet isn’t good medicine, it compromises patient care, provides oxygen to the fire of fads, serves as catnip for publishers, the media, and the public, and solidifies the notion that there are dietary demons and deities, all of which in turn torches the hope of improved nutrition related scientific literacy in society.

Nutritional populism is a bad look irrespective of which diet it happens to be promoting.

[Photo by Anthony DeRosa from Pexels]

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Children

About That New Lancet Study: Maybe Don’t Expect 9 Year Olds To Change Their Own Food Environments

Posted  October 9, 2018  by  Yoni Freedhoff

It’s difficult for me to imagine what exactly researchers expected would happen as a consequent of this study’s intervention which hoped to help children with obesity.

The Effectiveness of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) to prevent obesity in UK primary-school children: a cluster randomised controlled trial, enrolled 9 and 10 year olds from 32 different UK schools and randomly assigned some schools to deliver a year long curriculum to the children which included,

“dynamic and interactive activities such as physical activity workshops, education sessions delivered by teachers with short homework tasks, drama sessions, and setting goals to modify behaviour”

And while parents were involved, their involvement was dictated by their children primarily who in turn were instructed to “reflect on their own behaviours and goals” with their parents.

Various weight related outcomes, activity related outcomes, and dietary choices outcomes over 2 years were collected, and the results weren’t in any way exciting, with pretty much no differences found between study and control groups on any weight related or physical outcome.

But should anyone have expected anything different?

Are there really those out there who believe that if you teach 9 and 10 year olds in school that they should eat less and better and exercise more, that they’ll do so? Fully grown adults with newly diagnosed weight or diet related diseases rarely do, so why should children? Or that 9 and 10 year olds who themselves have zero responsibility for their food environments, even if they actually “reflected” on their behaviours and goals with their parents, could see their food environments appreciably and sustainably change?

And what of these kids, and especially of the kids who already have obesity? It does not appear as if this study even attempted to explore whether or not the 2 year long intervention had any negative psychological impact. But certainly, if the crux of the program is to teach 9 year olds that they are personally responsible for their lifestyle choices, I think it would be fair to consider the possibility that the program will lead some to question their self-worth, self-efficacy, body-image, and potentially affect their relationships with food and even risk disordered eating. It may have also been important to study whether or not there was any increase in weight related bullying in the intervention schools.

All this to say, relying on 9 and 10 year olds to modify what for them, given they’re in charge of next to nothing related to when, where, and what they eat, are almost certainly unmodifiable food environments, wholly unsurprisingly, isn’t an effective plan. While I am supportive of robust programs that work with parents to change their families’ lifestyles (disclosure, I’m the medical director of just such a program), focusing just on the kids is akin to focusing all of your efforts on lecturing life’s passengers and ignoring the drivers, and where the drivers aren’t just the kids’ parents, but their food environment as a whole.

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Saturday Stories: Britain’s Antisemites, Polish Polarization, Civility’s Death

Posted  October 6, 2018  by  Yoni Freedhoff

Tanya Gold, in Harper’s Magazine, with what she learned hobnobbing with Britain’s antisemites.

Anne Applebaum, in The Atlantic, on Polish polarization as a harbringer for North America.

Mark Oppenheimer, in The New Republic, on the death of civility in the #SoMe era.

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Canada’s latest Nobel winner is a ‘laser jock’ who loves the lab

Posted  October 5, 2018  by  Anonymous

Physics professor is only the 3rd woman to win the prize in physics.

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Researchers are reading doctors’ brains to see how good they are at surgery

Posted  October 5, 2018  by  Anonymous

A look at the brain of surgeons can detect surgical skill level.

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‘Smelling’ for shark DNA to see if it’s safe to go back in the water

Posted  October 5, 2018  by  Anonymous

How environmental DNA helps to sniff out white sharks

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Watching a moon rise – in a solar system 8000 light years away

Posted  October 5, 2018  by  Anonymous

The first new moon outside our solar system may have been found

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Thousands of women with autism may be going undiagnosed because it’s a ‘male disorder’

Posted  October 5, 2018  by  Anonymous

A Canadian women describes her late diagnosis.

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Everything You Need to Know About Canada’s Newest Political Party in Just Seven Words

Posted  October 5, 2018  by  Balbulican

“Our keynote speaker will be Maxime Bernier!” – Ezra Levant, promoting the November Rebelklatsch in Calgary. Plop. Diving right into the pool too toxic for Andrew Scheer and Jason Kenney. Because THAT worked so well for Kellie Leitch….

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What They’re Saying: USMCA

Posted  October 4, 2018  by  Liberal Party of Canada

The United-States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) is a deal that benefits Canadian workers, businesses, families and our middle class. But don’t just take our word for it – here’s what they’re saying.

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Justin Trudeau delivers remarks to supporters in Windsor

Posted  October 3, 2018  by  Liberal Party of Canada

Windsor, ON – Justin Trudeau, Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, will deliver remarks to supporters at an open Liberal fundraising event in Windsor on October 4, 2018. The Liberal Party of Canada has committed to the strongest standards in federal politics for openness and transparency, and is challenging other parties to do the […]

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Guest Post: Does the BMJ publishing group turn a blind eye to anti-statin, anti-dietary guideline & low-carb promoting editorial bias?

Posted  October 3, 2018  by  Yoni Freedhoff

Truth be told, I’m fond of the British Journal of Sports Medicine, but as anyone who reads it knows, it has this strange habit of publishing articles about non-sports related dietary guidelines, the dangers of cholesterol lowering medications, and on the alleged superiority of low-carb diets. That’s an odd thing, or maybe it’s not, for as today’s 4 guest posters (Drs Nicola Guess, Ian Lahart, Duane Mellor, and David Nunan) lay out, it may simply reflect the editor in chief’s personal bias. So have a peek at their story, and if while you’re reading you’re on the fence, ask yourself if it would be odd for the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition to publish ankle sprain treatment guidelines, or if the Journal of the American College of Cardiology published a review of the efficacy of orthotics for plantar fasciitis? And note, at the end of their guest post is a link to an open letter to the BMJ that they’ve penned, which by following the link, you can also sign.

Scientific journals have the potential to allow researchers to keep up to date with developments in their field, to publish their own research, and to comment on the research and ideas of their peers. Journal editors play a vital role as impartial gatekeepers of this process, and importantly they should ensure their own personal beliefs and prejudices do not impact decisions related to content that is published in their journal.

Here we provide a synopsis of an example of poor gatekeeping we are currently experiencing and how this can skew the scientific discourse in favour of a personal agenda. A full account of this story is available here.

In April 2017, an opinion piece editorial entitled ‘Saturated fat does not clog the arteries: coronary heart disease is a chronic inflammatory condition, the risk of which can be effectively reduced from healthy lifestyle interventions’ was published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine (BJSM), and then repeatedly promoted by the journals Twitter account, which is jointly run by the journal’s Editor in Chief (EIC).* Promotion of an editorial is completely normal—often an EIC will highlight an article or opinion piece that they believe to be of interest. However, it is also normal and expected that the editor acknowledges and welcomes debate and rebuttals from others who disagree with points made in the published article. Two of us (David Nunan and Ian Lahart) emailed the EIC immediately following publication of the original article offering a rebuttal, but received no response. After three months without reply, we published an open rebuttal in PubCommons (latterly Pubpeer) highlighting what we thought were important deficiencies in the original article.

We were surprised to see the EIC tweeting the saturated fat article a year later and stating that ‘importantly’ the editorial had not had any rebuttals. We immediately contacted the EIC again, and after a series of emails received acceptance that our rebuttal would be published in the BJSM.

An important point–one that we believe highlights the bias in gatekeeping at the BJSM—is that the original article was published “open access”, meaning it is was made freely available to academics, public and the media. This is important for openness and access to science, and also allows interested members of public to read articles which frequently are hidden behind a paywall. This of course is good practice. Key here though is that decisions to make articles such as these open access is made entirely by the EIC of the BJSM.

Naturally in the spirit of open debate, we would only consider it reasonable that our rebuttal would be published open access, along with some social media promotion. This way, readers could read both the original article and the rebuttal and consider all the arguments presented. However, we were told by the EIC that our article would not be made available as open access, but that we could instead pay for it (£1,950) to be made free of charge to read.

We were further concerned and surprised when we examined other articles on similar subjects also unrelated to the remit/readership (e.g., dietary guidelines, statins) published in the BJSM. Of 10 such articles, all were open access, they all had narratives that denigrated current dietary guidelines and/or statins and promoted an exclusively low-carb dietary approach. All of the articles were authored by supporters of these narratives, with some writing two or more articles. The EIC, via the BJSM twitter account, has regularly promoted these narratives on social media. Four rebuttals/counter arguments to these articles have been published (including our most recent) – none of these were made available as open access by the EIC. There has also been next to no promotion of these rebuttals via social media from the BJSM twitter account.

Furthermore, during the two-month period we were communicating with the editorial team to have our article published open access, or at the very least a footnote added to state we had been denied free open access (both requests were turned down), the BJSM produced two podcasts from authors of 2 of the 10 free articles, including the one in question here.

To be clear, our rebuttal was not in complete disagreement with all the points made in the original editorial. Our rebuttal was more about using robust methods to emphasize the strength of the evidence and highlighting knowns and unknowns that were overlooked in original editorial. Furthermore, we have healthy disagreements amongst ourselves about the evidence in this field (e.g., dietary guidelines). These disagreements, however, should be debated openly in the scientific literature. The EIC’s role is to facilitate this in an unbiased manner and ensure systems are in place to prevent biases skewing the scientific discourse to the journal’s audience. Imagine if a journal only published and promoted open access articles on the effectiveness of aspirin to prevent heart attacks, yet hid every rebuttal (highlighting potential harms) quietly behind a paywall?

We are concerned about the editorial conduct and procedures of the BJSM. Given the journal is part of the BMJ publishing group (governed by the British Medical Association (BMA)), this also raises questions over governance across over 50 of its journals The BJSM is also co-owned by the British Association of Sports and Exercise Medicine (BASEM). We think this is worth pursuing further and have written an open letter to each of these organizations requesting the issues raised here are looked into.

Our open letter is available for signing (and reading) by clicking here.

[*it would be reasonable to question the fit of such an editorial to the journal’s scope and readership: “…provides original research, reviews and debate relating to clinically-relevant aspects of sport and exercise medicine, including physiotherapy, physical therapy and rehabilitation.”]

Dr Nicola Guess is a lecturer in the Department of Nutritional Sciences at King’s College London in the UK and a Registered Dietitian. Her research interests are on the effect of diet on the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. 

Dr. Ian Lahart is a senior lecturer in exercise physiology and researcher at Institute of Human Sciences, University of Wolverhampton. He completed his PhD in the role of exercise in breast cancer. Through his PhD work, he conducted an exercise randomised controlled trial in women with breast cancer. Ian is also the lead author of a recent Cochrane collaboration review on the effects of exercise in women with breast cancer post-adjuvant therapy. Through his role as a research fellow at Russells Hall hospital, Dudley, UK, he helped set up and manage a MacMillan funded exercise-based cancer rehabilitation service. Although his research focus is on the role of exercise in breast cancer rehabilitation and survivorship, he has additionally worked with patients with other cancers, arthritis, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes and related metabolic conditions. He is also interested in the communication of science and meta-research—a field of research that investigates research practices and quality.

Dr. Duane Mellor has worked clinically as a dietitian, mainly in diabetes management and education and then as a researcher in clinical trials. However, reflecting back on the first 2 decades of his career he has begun to question a number of aspects of nutrition and dietetic practice. He is now interested in looking at evidence in nutrition, both in terms of causality and quality along with how this is communicated to the public by the media. Looking to challenge thinking in this area, to consider aspects of benefit and the risks of harm, ultimately looking at how the public can be best supported to eat food they enjoy that also supports good health.

Dr. David Nunan’s career in academic research started over 15 years, with a focus on clinical care and evidence-based medicine over the past 8 years. Upon completion of his PhD, he joined the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine and his role is now divided between research, teaching and outreach activities.

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Meta-Analysis Of Low-Carb Meta-Analyses Finds The Ones Most Excited About Low-Carb Diets Are Of “Critically Low Quality”

Posted  October 1, 2018  by  Yoni Freedhoff

Meta-analyses, studies that combine a slew of relevant studies to come to one larger conclusion, are undoubtedly valuable, but that doesn’t mean there isn’t plenty of room for debate about their findings.

Why?

Because their findings depend on the criteria they used in order to determine which studies should be included. So when considering a meta-analysis on the impact of low-carb diets (LCD), variables that would affect outcome might include the definition of LCD (ie how many grams per day of carbohydrates constitutes a low carb diet), the duration of the diet, the number of databases searched, how risk of bias was assessed and applied, and investigation of the causes of heterogeneity to name just a few of those found in the more complete (AMSTAR) list seen here:

And in fact, a study analyzing the quality of meta-analyses of low-carb diets was recently published in Obesity Reviews, and its findings fall in line with my very admitted confirmation bias which sees low-carb diets being as good or as bad as any other diet, and that at the end of the day, what matters more than the diet prescribed is diet adherence.

The authors found that,

critically low quality (low-carb diet/LCD) meta-analyses showed superiority of LCD for weight loss while moderate quality showed inconsistent results, and high quality showed little or no difference

Of course all of the studies included looked at overall losses between different prescribed diets, but in my opinion, that may not be the best way to evaluate them.

Because as the DIETFITs study so elegantly illustrated, there are people who do incredibly well with low-carb or low-fat diets, while other people do incredibly poorly, and all within the same study population.

I would argue further, that this is true for any diet.

All this to say, be wary both of any study or meta-analysis that crowns one diet better than another, and of anyone suggesting that a particular diet isn’t worth trying. One person’s best diet is another person’s worst.

(Photo by Jenna Hamra from Pexels)

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Saturday Stories: Remembering, Revenge, And Not Debating

Posted  September 29, 2018  by  Yoni Freedhoff
Anita Hill, February 2018

Jessica Shortall, in Medium, with a rage and sorrow inducing piece about everything she can remember.

Jennifer Weiner, in the New York Times, on wanting to burn the frat house of America to the ground.

Laurie Petty, in Longreads, on not debating.

And here’s a recent live podcast I did with Darya Rose at this year’s Fireside conference where we cover the basics of successful weight management and why I think chocolate’s more important to success than hunger.

[Photo By Gage Skidmore, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link]

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What this man with narcolepsy can teach us about getting better sleep

Posted  September 28, 2018  by  Anonymous

How a man with narcolepsy can help you sleep better

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General

Bird song is unique as well as beautiful – no other animal makes noise this way

Posted  September 28, 2018  by  Anonymous

Bird song is beautiful, but they make it unlike any other animal

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‘Nuclear pasta’ on a neutron star could support mountains centimetres tall

Posted  September 28, 2018  by  Anonymous

Inside a collapsed star lurks the strongest material in the universe

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How manta rays eat could be the secret to filtering pollution from water

Posted  September 28, 2018  by  Anonymous

Filtering inspiration from manta rays to unclog our waterways

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No more sunburns: a simple wristband helps us get just the right amount of sun

Posted  September 28, 2018  by  Anonymous

A simple wristband could tell you when you’re at risk of sunburn

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Why is bird poop white?

Posted  September 28, 2018  by  Anonymous

When birds convert ammonia to uric acid, it becomes a thick, white paste

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Sleepy Morning Blender Matcha

Posted  September 26, 2018  by  Angela (Oh She Glows)

At long last I’m able to give you a bit of an update on my recent health struggles! If you’re catching up, read this post and this post (and the comments) first. Well, where did we leave off? To start, I’m so thankful to have found a great naturopath after not having an overly helpful […]

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Chocolate Milk And Health Canada’s Inaction On Canada’s Food Guide Just Cost The New Brunswick Liberals The Election

Posted  September 25, 2018  by  Yoni Freedhoff

Yesterday there was an election in New Brunswick.

The Conservatives won by a single seat.

So what was the main issue New Brunswickers were voting for or against in this election?

Believe it or not, it was chocolate milk in schools, which was described by the Toronto Star as the issue at, “the centre of the New Brunswick election campaign“.

Seriously.

The centre of the New Brunswick campaign was whether or not the sale of chocolate milk would be banned in New Brunswick schools, with Blaine Higg’s Conservatives saying “No“, and the Liberals Brian Gallant saying, “Yes“.

PC Leader Blaine Higgs with Blair and Ashton having Chocolate milk on The Big Blue Bus. pic.twitter.com/MIuRn56AIy

— Paul D’Astous (@d_astous) August 31, 2018

But here’s the thing.

If Canada’s Food Guide stated that sugar-sweetened milks were not nutritionally equivalent to white milk, and that in fact sugar-sweetened milk consumption should be limited to half a cup daily in children, school chocolate milk sales wouldn’t have been an election issue in the first place, as with that admonition, schools almost certainly would have put an end to the daily sale of an item Canada’s Food Guide recommends kids explicitly limit.

And there’s very little doubt that the next Food Guide, if it’s ever released, won’t be kind to chocolate milk. And that’s not just me reading the tea leaves, it’s also me remembering when Dr. Hasan Hutchinson, the Director General of the Health Canada unit responsible for the Food Guide stated, over 4 years ago (honestly, what could we possibly still be waiting for) during a public debate that we held,

One thing we’re doing right now (Note: Right now means February 2014) is doing a reassessment of all of those things and certainly me personally, I agree with Yoni that it (chocolate milk) should not be there either

So the next time someone tells you that Canada’s Food Guide doesn’t matter you remind them that Health Canada’s inexplicable foot dragging on its much needed revision just cost the New Brunswick Liberals the election.

(Stay tuned, because on Thursday, I’m going to post an incredibly innovative solution to the issue of chocolate milk in schools)

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Cooking

Recreating My Vision Board

Posted  September 23, 2018  by  Anonymous

My neglected Vision Board was stashed aside in the living room, so I brushed it off and began to meditate again. Moving and busier days meant my meditation practice had gone astray and it was such a…

{ This is a content exerpt only.. Please click on…

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General

Saturday Stories: Obesity, Mortality, and Belief

Posted  September 22, 2018  by  Yoni Freedhoff

Michael Hobbes, in Huffington Post’s Highline, explains why everything you know about obesity may be wrong.

Bari Weiss, in The New York Times, on the occasion of Yom Kippur, with her thoughts on facing our own mortality.

Caitlin Flanagan, in The Atlantic, with a powerful piece on why she believes Dr. Christine Blasey Ford.

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General

We can forecast the hurricanes. Can we figure out how to forecast their floods?

Posted  September 21, 2018  by  Anonymous

Thanks to GPS, scientists can predict where floodwaters will hit

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Octopuses on ecstasy: The party drug leads to eight-armed hugs

Posted  September 21, 2018  by  Anonymous

Just like humans, octopuses get all touchy-feely when they take ecstasy.

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The Sahara’s wind and sun could power the world, and turn the desert green

Posted  September 21, 2018  by  Anonymous

The Sahara could produce four times as much energy as earth needs

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The Gulf of St. Lawrence is running out of oxygen thanks to climate change

Posted  September 21, 2018  by  Anonymous

A warming planet means less oxygen in the Gulf of St. Lawrence

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Elephant families are very like ours, according to the filmmakers of ‘The Elephant Queen’

Posted  September 21, 2018  by  Anonymous

A new film looks at the challenges facing an elephant herd, and its matriarch, in Kenya

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What happens when opioids are released into the environment?

Posted  September 21, 2018  by  Anonymous

Like other pharmaceuticals, opioids are not good for ecosystems when they get flushed.

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Doug Ford Shits The Bed

Posted  September 20, 2018  by  bigcitylib
And its not just the nation as a whole that thinks he’s a right douche-bag.  It’s here in Ontario:


Once a star, Doug Ford is now a case.  It happens to all leaders, but as it ever happened as fast??

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Instant Pot Cauliflower and Butternut Thai Curry

Posted  September 18, 2018  by  Angela (Oh She Glows)

My very first vegan Instant Pot recipe is here! I finally took the plunge and purchased an Instant Pot after being on the fence about whether I wanted a new appliance to take up real estate on my counter (it would have to fight for space next to the kids’ piles of artwork, after all). […]

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Exercise

There’s No Realistically Prescribable Amount Of Exercise That Will By Itself Lead To Useful Weight Loss, But That Doesn’t Mean You Shouldn’t Exercise!

Posted  September 17, 2018  by  Yoni Freedhoff

This isn’t the first time I’ve noted that there is no realistically prescribable amount of exercise that by itself will lead to clinically meaningful weight loss, and it probably won’t be the last. And that said, it doesn’t mean it’s impossible, but reality really is a useful place to live, and is probably a worthwhile frame of reference.

Today’s reiteration stems from a recent-ish study that looked at “energy compensation in response to aerobic exercise training in overweight adults” which when translated refers to whether or not people eat back the calories they burn exercises and if that’s why the results of exercise for weight loss studies so often disappoint.

The authors followed 36 men and women with varying degrees of excess weight (BMIs ranged from 25-35) and randomly assigned them to exercise either 30 minutes daily or 60 minutes daily, 5 days a week, for 12 weeks.

3 months on analyzed data later and the authors summarized conclusions include this statement,

Results of the current study suggest the recommendation should be closer to 300 minutes per week to achieve appreciable fat loss

because in their study it was only the participants who averaged 335 minutes of weekly exercise who were seen to lose a statistically significant amount of weight (and though significant statistically, it was only an average of 5.7lbs).

Though it’s not noted in the study, it should go without saying that whatever intervention you employ to lose weight, if you stop that intervention, the weight you lost by way of its impact will likely return. And so while perhaps 335 minutes of weekly exercise for another bunch of months would lead to further loss, if you stop or decrease exercising that much, the weight you lost with it is likely to return.

Back to the headline of this blog post. If you think the average person, living a real life, replete with life’s many stressors, challenges, and responsibilities, can sustainably and consistently find upwards of 300 minutes of weekly exercise, I’d invite you first to get that much yourself even for just 3 weeks, as for the majority of people out there, it’s not even a remotely realistically prescribable amount.

Instead of continuing to tie exercise to weight, and in so doing motivate people to start exercising in the name of weight loss, which in turn risks disappointment and the cessation of exercise if while successfully increasing exercise to a more realistically obtainable amount no weight is lost, the focus needs to shift to the fact that exercise is arguably the single healthiest modifiable behaviour anyone can undertake, that any amount is terrific, and that it’s incredibly beneficial regardless of whether or not weight is lost in the process.

Photo by David Whittaker from Pexels

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General

Saturday Stories: Museum Fires, Non-Sexual Harassment, and Lucy Wills

Posted  September 15, 2018  by  Yoni Freedhoff

Ed Yong, in the Atlantic, with his coverage of the devastating Brazilian museum fire.

Linda Bloodworth Thomason, in The Hollywood Reporter, on Les Moonves and how not all harassment is sexual 

Hilda Bastian, in The James Lind Library, with the life and times of the remarkable Lucy Wills

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Jagmeet Singh Decides It Is Politically Wise To Spit In The Face Of Saskatchewan New Democrats :(

Posted  September 14, 2018  by  leftdog

Everything that has ever happened in the ranks of the New Democratic Party of Canada before his arrival, seems to be of no interest to Jagmeet Singh. What a sad day for the New Democratic Party of Canada.Every Member of the Federal NDP Caucus who remai…

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General

The moment they arrived, the volcano began exploding

Posted  September 14, 2018  by  Anonymous

Up close and personal with an erupting volcano

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Digging deep in a beluga whale’s belly looking for plastic pollution

Posted  September 14, 2018  by  Anonymous

Elbow deep in a beluga whale’s belly looking for plastic pollution

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Will the water be too warm for fish to spawn? Studying climate change and Arctic char

Posted  September 14, 2018  by  Anonymous

Scientists attract unwanted attention from top predators when studying Arctic fish

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Canadian engineering talent helps develop water filters in Africa

Posted  September 14, 2018  by  Anonymous

Bringing Canadian engineering talent to local water filtration in Africa

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